Tussenvonnis Internationaal Gerechtshof in Genocidezaak tegen Israel

Zo 4 Februari 2024 12:50 | Astrid Essed | 102 keer bekeken | 0 reacties | 0 x aanbevolen | Artikel voorlezen
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION AND
PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE IN THE GAZA STRIP 
(SOUTH AFRICA V. ISRAEL)
SEE ALSO
OR
LINK OF THE TEXT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE:
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE  
Peace Palace, Carnegieplein 2, 2517 KJ The Hague, Netherlands  
  Tel.: +31 (0)70 302 2323 Fax: +31 (0)70 364 9928
Press Release 
Unofficial   
No. 2024/6 
26 January 2024 
Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime 
of Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa v. Israel) 
The Court indicates provisional measures 
THE HAGUE, 26 January 2024. The International Court of Justice today delivered its Order  
  on the Request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by South Africa in the case
concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of 
Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa v. Israel)  
  It is recalled that, on 29 December 2023, South Africa filed an Application instituting proceedings against Israel concerning alleged violations by Israel of its obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the “Genocide Convention”) in relation to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
 In its Application, South Africa also requested the Court to indicate provisional measures in order to “protect against further, severe and irreparable harm to the rights of the Palestinian people under the Genocide Convention” and “to ensure Israel’s compliance with its obligations under the Genocide Convention not to engage in genocide, and to prevent and to punish genocide” (see press release No. 2023/77).   
 
  Public hearings on South Africa’s request for provisional measures were held on Thursday 11 and Friday 12 January 2024.
In its Order, which has binding effect, the Court indicates the following provisional measures: 
“(1) By fifteen votes to two, 
The State of Israel shall, in accordance with its obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, in relation to Palestinians in Gaza, take all measures within its power to prevent the commission of all acts within the scope of Article II of this Convention, in particular: 
(a) killing members of the group; 
(b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; 
(c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; and 
PAGE 2
  - 2 - 
(d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;  
IN FAVOUR: 
President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte,
 Charlesworth, Brant; Judge ad hoc Moseneke;   
AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde; Judge ad hoc Barak;  
  (2) By fifteen votes to two,
The State of Israel shall ensure with immediate effect that its military does not commit any acts described in point 1 above; 
IN FAVOUR: 
President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth, Brant; Judge ad hoc Moseneke;    
 
  AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde; Judge ad hoc Barak;  
(3) By sixteen votes to one 
The State of Israel shall take all measures within its power to prevent and punish the direct and public incitement to commit genocide in relation to members of the Palestinian group in the Gaza Strip; 
   
 IN FAVOUR:
 President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth, Brant; Judges ad hoc Barak, Moseneke;
 AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde;  
  (4) By sixteen votes to one,
The State of Israel shall take immediate and effective measures to enable the provision of urgently needed basic services and humanitarian assistance to address the adverse conditions of life faced by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip; 
IN FAVOUR: 
President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth, Brant; Judges ad hoc Barak, Moseneke;    
 AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde;  
  (5) By fifteen votes to two,
The State of Israel shall take effective measures to prevent the destruction and ensure the preservation of evidence related to allegations of acts within the scope of Article II and Article III of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide against members of the Palestinian group in the Gaza Strip; 
IN FAVOUR: 
President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth, Brant; Judge ad hoc Moseneke;    
 
 AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde; Judge ad hoc Barak;  
PAGE 3
  3 
(6) By fifteen votes to two,  
  The State of Israel shall submit a report to the Court on all measures taken to give effect to this Order within one month as from the date of this Order.
IN FAVOUR: 
President Donoghue; Vice-President Gevorgian; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Xue, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth, Brant; Judge ad hoc Moseneke;   
 
AGAINST: 
Judge Sebutinde; Judge ad hoc Barak.”  
  *  
Judge XUE appends a declaration to the Order of the Court; 
Judge SEBUTINDE appends a dissenting opinion to the Order of the Court; Judges BHANDARI and NOLTE append declarations to the Order of the Court; Judge ad hoc BARAK appends a separate opinion to the Order of the Court  
   ___________
 A summary of the Order appears in the document entitled “Summary 2024/1”, to which summaries of the declarations and opinions are annexed.  
 This summary and the full text of the Order are available on the case page on the Court’s website.  
  ___________
Earlier press releases relating to this case are available on the Court’s website. 
Note: The Court’s press releases are prepared by its Registry for information purposes only and do not constitute official documents.     
  ___________
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. 
It was established by the United Nations Charter in June 1945 and began its activities in April 1946 
The Court is composed of 15 judges elected for a nine-year term by the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations. 
The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). 
The Court has a twofold role: first, to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States; 
and, second, to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and agencies of the system 
___________          
PAGE 4
  4 
  Information Department:
Ms Monique Legerman, First Secretary of the Court, Head of Department: +31 (0)70 302 2336 
Ms Joanne Moore, Information Officer: +31 (0)70 302 2337 
Mr Avo Sevag Garabet, Associate Information Officer: +31 (0)70 302 2394 
Email: info@icj-cij.org     

Meer van Astrid Essed